重庆快乐十分

从中考试题看英语阅读理解

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从中考试题看英语阅读理解

作者:钟菲

来源:《试题与研究·教学论坛》2015年第29期

中考试题中的英语阅读理解主要用来测试学生的阅读速度、理解能力和记忆能力。有的采用一段文章,有的采用整篇文章。内容广泛,题材各异。以题目的难易程度分析,人们常常把它们分为表层理解和深层理解。所谓表层理解就是对文中的客观事实的感知和记忆,深层理解是根据文中的客观事实,在认真思考后进行逻辑推理、总结或概括,得出结论,或从上下文、字里行间悟出文中没有直接表达出来的而可能存在的和必然的结果来。以题材或体裁论,大致有下述几种:(1)记叙文(故事、人物小传、新闻报道、史地知识介绍等)。(2)说明文(科普文章、说明书等)。(3)应用文(书信、广告、通知等)。

实例分析:

片段(1)

The great ship,“Titanic” (泰坦尼克号), set off forAmerica in April 1912 on its first trip.It was carrying morethan 2,000 people.The “Titanic”was the larg est and finest ship at that time.People thought it was safe to be on the ship because it had16 compartments(密封舱)with it. Even if(即

使是)4 of thosewere b roken,it would still be able to stay on the sea.Four days later,when the “Titanic” was crossing the sea,the man on watch suddenly saw a v ery large iceberg ahead. Thegreat ship turned quickly on time,but before long there was asound from below.The captain went down to see what was thematter.To his surprise,he found the sh ip was sinking fastbecause 5 compartments had been broken! Hundreds of peoplejumped out i nto the water.As there were not enough lifeboats,about 1,500 lives were lost.

解答下面各题:

(1 )The great ship,“Titanic ”set off from Englandto______。

A.Australia

B.the USA

C.Arabia

D。Europe

(2)People then thought it was safe to be on the ship because__________。

重庆快乐十分A.it had 16 compartments

B.it had more lifeboats than other ships

C.it could not sink even if 4 compartments wore broken

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